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Wuxia Culture

2014-10-19 12:58 ChineseTime

chinese kungfu-Wuxia Culture

wǔ xiá shì huá rén jiè tè yǒu de yì zhǒng liú xíng wén huà 。
武侠是华人界特有的一种流行文化。

wǔ xiá wén huà yǐ gè shì xiá kè wéi zhǔ jué ,
武侠文化以各式侠客为主角,

shén hū qí shén de wǔ shù jì qiǎo wéi tè diǎn ,
神乎其神的武术技巧为特点,

kè huà xuān yáng xiá kè jīng shen 。
刻画宣扬侠客精神。

Wuxia, literally "martial hero", is a broad genre of Chinese fiction concerning the adventures of martial artists.

Although wuxia is traditionally a form of literature, its popularity has caused it to spread to diverse art forms like Chinese opera, manhua (Chinese comics), films, television series, and video games.

Wuxia is a component of popular culture for many Chinese-speaking communities worldwide.

The word "wuxia" is a compound word composed of the words wu (武), which means "martial", "military", or "armed" and xia (俠), meaning "honorable", "chivalrous", or "hero".

A martial artist who follows the code of Xia is often referred to as a Xiake or Youxia,

侠客 [xiá kè]: swordsman; a person adept in martial arts and having a strong sense of justice and ready to help the weak

游侠 [yóu xiá]: a person adept in martial arts and given to chivalrous conduct (in olden times)

chinese kungfu-Wuxia Culture

“ wǔ xiá ” cóng qí dàn shēng de dì yì tiān qǐ , jiù yì zhí shì shǔ yú píng mín jiē céng ,
“武侠”从其诞生的第一天起,就一直是属于平民阶层,

wǔ xiá lún lǐ shí jì shàng jiù shì mín jiān shè huì yòng yǐ guī fàn rén jì guān xi de dào dé biāo zhǔn ,
武侠伦理实际上就是民间社会用以规范人际关系的道德标准,

shì yì zhǒng “ qíng yì lún lǐ ” 。 tā bù jǐn hé “ rú jiā ” sī xiǎng xiāng jié hé ,
是一种“情义伦理”。它不仅和“儒家”思想相结合,

yòu yǔ “ dào jiā ” děng gè zhǒng sī xiǎng xiāng jié hé , yùn hán le hěn shēn de lún lǐ ,
又与“道家”等各种思想相结合,蕴涵了很深的伦理,

bāo róng le jí dà de fàn wéi , shì gè bú duàn zài bāo róng de wén huà 。
包容了极大的范围,是个不断再包容的文化。

Typically, the heroes in Chinese wuxia fiction do not serve a lord, wield military power or belong to the aristocratic class. They are often from the lower social classes of ancient Chinese society. Wuxia heroes are usually bound by a code of chivalry that requires them to right wrongs, especially when the helpless or the poor are oppressed. The wuxia hero fights for righteousness and seeks to remove an oppressor, redress wrongs, or to bring retribution for past misdeeds. The Chinese xia traditions can be contrasted with martial codes from other countries, such as the Japanese samurai's bushido tradition, the chivalry of medieval European knights and the gunslingers of America's Westerns.

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