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Pronunciation
Tone
汉语有4个声调,图示如下:
There are four tones in Chinese, as shown in the table below:
声调有区别意义的作用,声调不同,意义也不同。
The tones are used to distinguish meanings of a syllable. Characters with different tones have different meanings.
mother
flax
horse
to curse
eight
to pull
target
father
The way to mark the tones
汉语的四个声调分别用“ - / ∨ \”表示。 当一个音节只有一个元音时,声调符号标在元音上,当一个音节的韵母有两个或三个以上元音时,声调符号要标在主要元音上。
The four tones are indicated respectively with the following four tone marks: “- / ∨ \” They are marked over the main vowel.
Neutral Tone
汉语里有一些音节读得又轻又短,叫轻声,书写时轻声不标符号,如bàba(爸爸)māma(妈妈)
In common speech some syllables are pronounced at a light and short tone. Such tone is called the neutral tone, which is indicated with no mark. e.g.: bàba (father) māma (mother)
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