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Character Knowledge
(1) 汉字的构成:The construction of Chinese characters

1.汉字已有三千年的历史。
Chinese characters which are now in current use, have a history of over 3,000 years.
2.汉字的字形是方的,所以也称为“方块字”。
方块字由不同的笔划组成,而拼音文字则是由字母拼写而成的。
They are also known as “square characters” because they are square-shaped.
Different from the alphabetic which is spelt in letters, Chinese characters are written in various strokes.
3.汉字的笔画有二三十个,但最基本的笔画只有八个。
Out of the 30 odd strokes, only 8 are basic ones.
4.汉字有笔顺规则和基本结构。
Chinese characters have the rules of stroke-order and basic structure.If you grasp them, the writing of characters will become easy.
5.汉字分独体字和合体字两种。合体字需要偏旁(部首)。
Structurally characters are divided into two categories: the single-component ones and the compound ones. Compound ones need sides (radicals).
(2) 汉字的八个基本笔划:Eight basic strokes

横héng;竖shù;撇piě;捺nà;点diǎn;提tí;钩gōu;折zhé
héng
horizontal stroke
(written from left to right)
as in the character

yi (one)
shù
vertical stroke
(written from top to bottom)
as in the character

shí (ten)
piě
down stroke to the left
(written from top right to bottom left)
as in the character

bā (eight)
down stroke to the right
(written from top left to bottom right)
as in the character

rù (to enter)
diǎn
dot
(written from top left to bottom right)
as in the character

liù (six)
upward stroke
(written from bottom left to top right)
as in the character

bǎ (to grasp)
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