Empat cerita rakyat terkenal di Cina

2012-08-14 10:59 ChineseTime

zhōng guó sì dà mín jiān chuán shuō
   中      国  四 大   民   间      传      说  

mèng jiāng nǚ kū cháng chéng
   孟       姜    女  哭    长         城   


Four Famous Folktales in China mengjiang nv changcheng

chuán shuō : mèng jiāng nǚ kū dǎo de shì qí cháng chéng — — mù líng guān
传    说   : 孟   姜    女 哭 倒  的 是  齐 长    城    — — 穆 陵   关  

On the night of their wedding, Wan Xiliang, Meng Jiangnu's husband, was pressganged to build the Great Wall by the Qin soldiers. Before Wan Xiliang went away, Lady Meng took her white jade hairpin and broke it into two halves and gave her husband one half as a token of love.

One day, when lady Meng stayed at home, she had a bad dream, she dreamed that her husband was constantly yelling: "Cold, cold!" She recalled that her husband was wearing very thin clothes. Very soon, she made some padded clothes and left home to look for her husband. She didn t expect that her husband had already died, so she burst into tears. The Great Wall was moved and it collasped for more than 20 Km, revealing the dead bodies of her husband and many others. On seeing this, she wrapped her husband's dead body in arm and committed suicide by jumping into the sea.

Four Famous Folktales in China mengjiangnv


Now, you can find a temple built at Shanhaiguan Pass near the sea in memory of this loyal lady.

niú láng zhī nǚ
 牛    郎   织   女

The Cowherd and the Spinning Lady

Four Famous Folktales in China - cowherd ang weaving girl

A young cowherd named Niulang happens across seven fairy sisters bathing in a lake. Encouraged by his mischievous companion the ox, he steals their clothes and waits to see what will happen. The fairy sisters elect the youngest and most beautiful sister Zhinv to retrieve their clothing. She does so, but since Niulang has seen her naked, she must agree to his request for marriage. She proves to be a wonderful wife, and Niulang a good husband, and they are very happy together. But the Goddess of Heaven finds out that a mere mortal has married one of the fairy girls and is furious. Down on Earth, Niulang is very upset learning that his wife is gone. Suddenly, his cow begins to talk telling him that if he kills him and puts on his hide, he will be able to go up to Heaven to find his. With tears flowing, he killed the cow, put on the skin and went to Heaven to find Zhinv. The Goddess found out he had come and was very angry. Taking out her hairpin, the Goddess scratches a wide river in the sky to separate the two lovers forever .

Zhinv must sit forever on one side of the river, sadly weaving on her loom, while Niulang watches her from afar and takes care of their two children .

But once a year all the magpies in the world take pity on them and fly up into heaven to form a bridge over the star Deneb in the Cygnus constellation so the lovers may be together for a single night, the seventh night of the seventh moon.

bái shé chuán
 白   蛇      传  

The White Snake

Four Famous Folktales in China - the white snake

A female white snake demon, Bai SuZhen, dreams of becoming a goddess, so she takes on human form and goes to the human realm. There she meets a green snake demon, Xiao Qing, who causes disasters in the area she lives. Bai SuZhen holds her captive at the bottom of a lake, though she promises the green snake that she'll come back in three hundred years to free her.

Bai and Qing have accidentally brought a scholar Xu Xian and his friend to the demon world. Bai has to protect them from the demons. After the battle with the Leader of the underworld, Xu Xian confesses his feelings for Bai, claiming that from the first time he saw her it was like love at first sight. But in order for a human to go back to the human world they have to be knocked by ghosts who will make them forget everything. Xu Xian knows about this so he avoids getting knocked and is about to go into the other realm when FaHai tricks him into being knocked.

Now Xu Xian is back into the human world but has forgotten everything. Since he and his friend went through the portal separately they land in separate places. There Xu Xian meets many new people.

Soon after Bai takes the final step to becoming a goddess which is to collect human tears. Bai sees Xu Xian with another girl and assumes that they are a couple. The former green snake, Xiao Qing, figures that Xu Xian got knocked by the ghosts, but also realises that when Xu Xian and Bai meet, Xu Xian will again fall in love with Bai. They got married, opened a medicine shop and lived happily. But since demons and humans aren't supposed to marry, the town was struck by a plague and it was soon on the verge of becoming extinct. Bai, Qing and FaHai finally agreed to a truce and obtained the magical herb needed to help the population.

Later Bai gets pregnant, but Fahai continues to try to eliminate her and Qing.

On the fifth day of the fifth month, the Dragon Boat Festival is held. On that day demons revert to their true selves. Bai thus decides to take Qing and Xu Xian back to Ban Bu Duo, but Xu Xian falls for FaHai's tricks yet again and Bai shows her true self, scaring Xian literally to death! Bai retrieves the herbal medicine and brings Xian back to life.

But after giving birth to a son Bai can't control herself anymore and is forced to tell her husband the truth about her origins. Xian kindly accepts her, but Fahai then attacks the weakened Bai and holds her to eternal captivity in the Leifeng Pagoda.

liáng shān bó yǔ zhù yīng tái
  梁       山    伯 与   祝     英   台 

Butterfly Lovers

Four Famous Folktales in China butterfly lovers

A young woman named Zhu Yingtai from Shangyu, Zhejiang, disguises herself as a man traveling to Hangzhou to study. During her journey, she meets and joins Liang Shanbo, a companion schoolmate from Kuaiji in the same province. They study together for three years, during which their relationship strengthens. When the two part, Zhu offers to arrange for Liang to marry her 16 year-old fictitious sister. When Liang travels to Zhu's home, he discovers her true gender. Although they are devoted and passionate about each other at that point, Zhu is already engaged with Ma Wencai.a man her parents had arranged for her to be married to. Depressed, Liang dies in office as a county magistrate. On the day Zhu is to be married to Ma, whirlwinds prevent the wedding procession from escorting Zhu beyond Liang's tomb. Zhu leaves the procession to pay her respects for Liang. Liang's tomb splits apart, and Zhu dives into it to join him. A pair of butterflies emerges from the tomb and fly away.

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