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Learn Chinese Character--对

2014-12-17 08:17 ChineseTime

Learn Chinese Character--对

gǔ tǐ “ duì ” zì xiàng yì zhī shǒu ná zhe zhú tái , zhú tái shàng shì diǎn rán de là zhú ,
古体“对”字像一只手拿着烛台,烛台上是点燃的蜡烛,
biǎo shì liǎng gè wù tǐ “ xiāng xiàng ” de yì si 。
表示两个物体“相向”的意思。
The ancient script of the Chinese character "对" was like a hand holding a candleholder. The candles on the candleholder symbolized "two things facing each other".

Learn Chinese Character--对


1. right
   duì de
   对的

Learn Chinese Character--对


2. treat; cope with; counter (Grammar in HSK 3)
   duì dài ;  duì fu
   对待;      对付
e.g.

tā duì wǒ hěn hǎo 。
她对我很好。
She treats me well.

guǎng zhōu duì duì dà lián duì
广州队对大连队
the Guangzhou team versus the Dalian team;

Learn Chinese Character--对


3. be trained on; be directed at; face
cháo ;  xiàng ;  miàn duì
朝;     向;      面对

e.g.

bǎ qiāng kǒu duì zhǔn dí rén
把枪口对准敌人
train one's gun on the enemy;


tā de huà bú shì duì zhe nǐ de 。
她的话不是对着你的。
What she said was not directed at you.


zhè fáng zi duì zhe dà jiē 。
这房子对着大街。
The house faces the street.


4. compare; check; identify
   bǎ liǎng gè dōng xi fàng zài yì qǐ hù xiāng bǐ jiào ,   kàn shì fǒu xiāng fú hé
   把两个东西放在一起互相比较, 看是否相符合

e.g.

对笔迹 [duì bǐ jì]: identify the handwriting;

对号码 [duì hào mǎ]: check numbers


5.  pair; couple

yí duì fū fù
一对夫妇
a married couple;

yí duì huā píng
一对花瓶
a pair of vases;

 

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