Chinese Pronunciation
The phonetic symbols of Putonghua (Standard Chinese) in Modern Chinese comprises 39 finals that are composed of vowel or vowel followed by nasal consonants. These finals fall into three categories:
  (1) simple finals which have only a single vowel, e.g.: a, o
  (2) multi-finals which have two or three vowels, e.g.: ai, ua, iao, iou
  (3) nasal finals which consist of one or two vowels and a nasal consonant e.g.: an, üan, eng, iong
发音要领Essentials of Pronunciation
The mouth is wide open. The tongue is flat and at its lowest position. The lips are not rounded.
发音要领Essentials of Pronunciation
The mouth is half open. The tongue is slightly higher. The lips are rounded.
发音要领Essentials of Pronunciation
The opening of the mouth and the position of the tongue are identical with that for "o", but the lips are not rounded. It can be produced by pronouncing "o" and then spreading the lips towards the two sides.
发音要领Essentials of Pronunciation

The opening of the mouth is narrow. The tongue raised and pushed forward towards the position naturally against the lower teeth. the lips spread to the two sides into a flat position.
发音要领Essentials of Pronunciation
The opening of the mouth is narrow. The tongue is held back with its back raised close to the soft palate. The lips are forced into a narrow and round position with only a small opening left.
发音要领Essentials of Pronunciation


It is pronounced with the tongue in position for i, but the lips are forced into a round position.
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