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黑城——一个人的城

2017-03-25 18:59 ChineseTime

Historic Silk Road stop Black City in decline

Heicheng City, Khara-Khoto or "Black City", in the Ejin Banner of North China’s Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. A thriving center of trade in the Western Xia period (1038-1227), the town played an important role along the ancient Silk Road. It was abandoned after General Feng Sheng of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) conquered it and left it in ruins. In recent years, worsening desertification has further threatened the ruins from three sides, already burying some relics. An old man surnamed Wang still works there, living with the ramparts, thick outer walls and desolate towers.(Photo/CTPphoto)

Historic Silk Road stop Black City in decline

位于内蒙古额济纳旗达来呼布镇东南25公里处的黑城遗址,是古丝绸之路上现存最完整、规模最宏大的一座古城遗址。该城建于公元九世纪的西夏政权时期。公元1372年明朝大将冯胜攻破黑城后遭废弃。至今城内还埋藏着丰富的西夏和元代等朝代的珍贵文书。近年来,由于周边地区沙化严重,流沙从东、西、北三面侵蚀黑城,许多遗址已埋于沙下。

Historic Silk Road stop Black City in decline
内蒙古额济纳旗,黑城城内十多处庙宇遗址,其中佛寺显然占据重要位置。

茫茫大漠孤城,一直以来都只有一位守城人在这里默默相守,王大爷就是其中一位。古老的黑城承载了太多沉重的历史,走在废墟上,仿佛每一步都牵动着死亡。也许只有像王大爷那样内心有极强信仰的人,走进黑城,残垣,断壁,古道,旧塔,落日,戈壁,黄沙渐次闯入眼中,那是每个旅人心中话不完的凄凉和萧索。走进黑城,让灵魂经受一次风沙的侵蚀与荡涤,你才能更深更透彻地读懂这个属于大漠的文明。

Historic Silk Road stop Black City in decline
内蒙古额济纳旗,沙堆慢慢爬上黑城城墙,大有将其掩埋之势。

Historic Silk Road stop Black City in decline
黑城外唯一的水井。

Historic Silk Road stop Black City in decline
黑城的废墟。

Historic Silk Road stop Black City in decline
黑城遗址的塔楼。

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