发音
学汉语拼音
声母Initials
普通话语音共有二十一个声母,声母是音节开头的辅音。
The phonetic symbols of putonghua comprises 21 initials that are consonants beginning a syllable.
发音要领Essentials of Pronunciation
z:舌尖前不送气塞擦音。舌尖向前平伸,顶住上齿背,阻住气流,然后下移舌尖,使气流从狭缝中磨擦而出。声带不振动。
An unaspirated voiceless blade-alveolar affricate. It is pronounced by putting forward the tongue to block the air with its tip against the upper teeth ridge, and then dropping the tip to release the air with friction through the narrow passage. The vocal cord does not vibrate.
发音要领Essentials of Pronunciation
c:舌尖前送气塞擦音。是与z相对应的关气音。

An aspiratded blade-alveolar affricate. It is an aspirated equivalent of [z].



发音要领Essentials of Pronunciation
s:舌尖前清擦音。舌尖平伸接近上齿背,形成一条狭缝,气流从狭缝中磨擦而出。



A voiceless blade-alveolar fricative. It is produced by putting forward the tongue tip to a position close to the upper teeth ridge to make a narrow passage for the air to run out through with friction.
发音要领Essentials of Pronunciation
zh:舌尖后不送气清塞擦音。舌尖向上翘起,顶住硬腭前部,阻住气流,然后使气流从舌尖与腭间的狭缝中摩擦而出。声带不振动。
An unaspirated voiceless blade-palatal affricate. It is pronounced by turning up the tongue tip against the front part of the hard palate to block the air and then releasing it through the narrowing of the air passage between the tongue tip and the hard palate. The vocal cord does not vibrate.
发音要领Essentials of Pronunciation
ch:舌尖后送气清塞音。发音部位与zh 相同,但要尽量使气流从狭缝中冲出。声带不振动。是与zh 相对应的送气音。
An aspirated voiceless blade-palatal affricate. It is pronounced in position of "zh", but the air should be forced out through the narrow passage. The vocal cord does not vibrate. It is an aspirated equivalent of "zh".
发音要领Essentials of Pronunciation
sh:舌尖后清塞擦音。舌尖向上翘起,接近硬腭,形成一条狭缝使气流摩擦而出。声带不振动。

A voiceless blade-palatal fricative. It is pronounced by turning up the tongue tip close to the hard palate to make a narrow passage through which the air escapes with friction. The vocal cord does not vibrate.
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