Top

西藏拉薩各族群眾歡慶雪頓節

2017-08-22 15:00 ChineseTime

 


A large thangka painting of the Buddha is exhibited at Drepung Monastery in Lhasa, capital of Southwest China's Tibet autonomous region, Aug 21, 2017. Buddhists and believers thronged Lhasa for the start of the traditional Shoton Festival. The Shoton Festival, also known as the Yogurt Banquet Festival, is a week-long gala held since the 11th century. [Photo by Feng Yongbin/Asianewsphoto]

Lhasa city, capital of Southwest China's Tibet autonomous region, began celebrating the annual Shoton Festival on Monday.

The event began amid a drizzle at Drepung Monastery, the largest monastery of Tibetan Buddhism's Gelug Sect, where a large thangka painting of the Buddha was on display.

At 7:10 am, monks and believers moved the painting from the great hall of the monastery to the exhibition stage as thousands of people watched on the winding mountain road.

A man in his 30s named Kunga took his wife and daughter to the Buddha exhibition. Kunga and his family woke up at 5 am at their home in Lhasa's Liuwu New District.

"I'm busy with my business and the child is busy at school. It's good to spend some time with her during the festival," said Kunga. He said the Shoton Festival is the second most popular festival in Lhasa, only following the Tibetan New Year.


Buddhists and believers carry a large thangka painting of the Buddha for exhibition at Drepung Monastery in Lhasa, capital of Southwest China's Tibet autonomous region, Aug 21, 2017. [Photo by Feng Yongbin/Asianewsphoto]

Before the Qinghai-Tibet Railway opened in 2006, Kunga was a farmer living on the outskirts of Lhasa. Since then, the district has developed into one of the most prosperous areas in Lhasa, and Kunga now runs a grocery store there.

The Buddha exhibition is an important occasion for elderly Tibetans.

"My husband and I came here last night. After worshipping the thangka, we will go to the Sera Monastery and watch Tibetan opera for several days before returning home," said 70-year-old Rinqen Wangmo from Nagarze, Shannan city. The couple spent the night on a wool pad in front of the great hall.

Tibetan opera performances are another must-see at the Shoton Festival.

Lhasa celebrates Shoton Festival
Buddhists and believers carry a large thangka painting of the Buddha for exhibition at Drepung Monastery in Lhasa, capital of Southwest China's Tibet autonomous region, Aug 21, 2017. [Photo by Feng Yongbin/Asianewsphoto]

Dating back to the 14th century, the performance style epitomizes Tibetan culture, combining dance, chanting and songs, and the region's famed painted masks. It was awarded national intangible cultural heritage status in 2006 and was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2009.

"The legends the operas tell are well-known among Tibetans. Although we young people can't understand every line like the older generation, we're familiar with every character. I hope my child can learn more about the opera, so I will take her to the show," Kunga said.

In addition to exhibitions, Tibetan opera performances and Tibetan equestrianism, the week-long festival will also include hiking, yogurt-eating and beer-drinking contests, and a Tibetan-style fashion show.

The Shoton Festival, also known as the Yogurt Banquet Festival, has been held since the 11th century. It was originally a religious occasion when locals would offer yogurt to monks who had finished meditation retreats.

In the first half of 2017, Lhasa received about 3.86 million domestic and foreign tourists, a year-on-year increase of 18.21 percent, generating tourism revenue of about 5.1 billion yuan ($764 million).

Lhasa celebrates Shoton Festival
Buddhists and believers carry a large thangka painting of the Buddha for exhibition at Drepung Monastery in Lhasa, capital of Southwest China's Tibet autonomous region, Aug 21, 2017. [Photo by Feng Yongbin/Asianewsphoto]

拉萨雪顿节,通常在每年公历8月举办、仅次于藏历新年的拉萨人盛大节日。2017年的拉萨雪顿节今天开幕。在藏语中,“雪”是酸奶子的意思,“顿”是“吃”的意思,雪顿节按藏语解释就是吃酸奶子的节日,因此又叫“酸奶节”。因为雪顿节期间有隆重热烈的藏戏演出和规模盛大的晒佛仪式,所以有人也称之为“藏戏节”、“晒佛节”。雪顿节上最为隆重节目的就是开幕当天上午哲蚌寺和色拉寺进行的晒佛仪式,而哲蚌寺的晒佛仪式最为盛大,所以人很多,也很热闹。

Lhasa celebrates Shoton Festival
A large thangka painting of the Buddha is exhibited at Drepung Monastery in Lhasa, capital of Southwest China's Tibet autonomous region, Aug 21, 2017. [Photo by Feng Yongbin/Asianewsphoto]

雪顿节在十七世纪以前是一种纯宗教的节日活动,格鲁派的戒律中规定,每年的藏历六月十五日至三十日为禁期,全藏大小寺院的僧尼不准外出活动,以免踏死小虫,僧人只能在寺庙中念经修行。待到解制开禁之日,他们纷纷下山,这时农牧民要拿出准备好的酸奶敬献。这就是雪顿节的由来。

我們的新成員

OR

掃一掃
Responsive image

相關文章