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承德避暑山莊及外八廟

2012-05-17 11:39 ChineseTime

Learn Chinese :Scenic Spots

The Mountain Resort and its Outlying Temples, Chengde

The Mountain Resort and its Outlying Temples in Chengde

chéng dé bì shǔ shān zhuāng , shì qīng wáng cháo de xià jì xíng gōng
承    德 避 暑  山   庄     , 是  清   王   朝   的 夏  季 行   宫  
wèi yú hé běi shěng jìng nèi , xiū jiàn yú gōng yuán 1703 nián dào 1792 nián
位  于 河 北  省    境   内  , 修  建   于 公   元 1703   年   到 1792  年  
tā shì yóu zhòng duō de gōng diàn yǐ jí qí tā chú lǐ zhèng wù 、
它 是  由  众    多  的 宫   殿   以 及 其 它 处  理 政    务 、
jǔ xíng yí shì de jiàn zhù gòu chéng de yí gè páng dà de jiàn zhù qún
举 行   仪 式  的 建   筑  构  成    的 一 个 庞   大 的 建   筑  群 

The Chengde Mountain Resort was the summer palace for the royal family of the Qing Dynasty. It is located in Hebei Province and was built between 1703 and 1792. It is a large architectural complex composed of many palaces and buildings for handling political affairs and holding ceremonies. It is also a very beautiful place where the temples and royal gardens of various styles and their surrounding lakes, pastures and forests are combined together delicately. In addition to the aesthetic value, a lot of rare historic relics of China’s last feudal dynasty are also well preserved in the resort.

Chengde Mountain Resort

The Chengde Mountain Resort, also known as the “Rehe Xanadu,” is located in the long and narrow valley to north of the Chengde City in Hebei Province in the north of China, and covers 584 hectares. The construction of the resort started in the 42nd year of the Kangxi Emperor (1703) and was suspended during the Yongzheng Emperor period (1723—1736). Then, the construction continued in the sixth year of the Qianlong Emperor (1741), and 36 Qianlong (1736—1796) scenic spots and the outer eight temples were added. The construction of the resort took about 90 years, which was the prime period of the Qing Dynasty. A lot of skillful architectural workers and masters participated in the construction. In the 50th year of the Kangxi Emperor (1662—1723), the Emperor personally wrote the resort name on the top of the Meridian Gate. The mountain resort consists of two regions, the palace region and the scenic region.

 

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