學漢語拼音
學漢語拼音
声母Initials
普通话语音共有二十一个声母,声母是音节开头的辅音。
The phonetic symbols of putonghua comprises 21 initials that are consonants beginning a syllable.
发音要领Essentials of Pronunciation
g:舌根不送气清塞音。舌根顶住软腭,阴住气流,然后移下舌根放出气流。声带不振动。

An unaspirated voiceless velar plosive. It is pronounced by raising the back of the tongue against the soft palate to block the air, and then putting it down to release the air. The vocal cord does not vibrate.
发音要领Essentials of Pronunciation
k:舌根送气清塞音。发音部位与g相同,但要使气流猛地从口中冲出。声带不振动。是与g 相对应的送气音。
An aspirated voiceless velar plosive. It is pronounced with the mouth in position for "g" , but explodes with a strong puff of air. The vocal cord does not vibrate. It is an aspirated equivalent of "g".
发音要领Essentials of Pronunciation
h:舌根清擦音。舌根隆起,接近软腭,形成一狭狭缝,气流从狭缝中磨擦而出。声带不振动。

A voiceless velar fricative. It is pronounced by raising the back of the tongue to the soft palate to make a narrow passage for the air to be expelled with friction. The vocal cord does not vibrate.
发音要领Essentials of Pronunciation
j:舌面不送气清擦音。舌尖抵下齿背,舌面前部贴住硬腭,阻住气流,然后移下舌面放出气流。声带不振动。
This is an unaspirated voiceless palatal affricate. This sound is pronounced by first putting the tip of the tongue against the lower teeth and blocking the air with its front part against the hard palate, and the dropping to release the air. The vocal cords do not vibrate.
发音要领Essentials of Pronunciation
q:舌面送气清塞擦音。舌面靠近硬腭,形成一条狭缝,流从狭缝中磨擦而出。


An aspirted voiceless palatal affricate. It is an aspirated equivalent of "j".
发音要领Essentials of Pronunciation
x:知面轻擦音。舌面靠近硬腭,形成一条狭缝,气流从狭缝中磨擦而出。
A voiceless palatal fricative. It is pronounced by raising the tongue close to the hard palate to expel the air with friction through the narrow passage.
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